Community-Oriented Policing To Reduce Crime, Disorder, And Fear And Increase Satisfaction And Legiti
Gill et al. (2014)
This paper reports on a meta-analysis of various studies on community-oriented policing programs, which include community partnerships, organizational transformation, and problem solving, and their effects on crime, disorder, fear of crime, citizen satisfaction with police, and police legitimacy. It sought to answer three main questions: to what extent do community oriented policing strategies reduce crime and disorder in target areas? To what extent do community oriented policing strategies reduce fear of crime and improve citizen satisfaction with police and perceived legitimacy of the police? Do the effects of community oriented policing vary according to particular strategies?
1) COP interventions are most successful at improving citizens’ satisfaction with the police, with residents typically perceived that officers in COP areas were more likely to treat them fairly and with respect, and that they trusted the police.
2) COP helped to reduce citizens’ perceptions of social and physical disorder in their neighborhood, and increase their feelings of safety, in about half of the comparisons that measured these outcomes. COP was associated with a 5-10 % increase in the odds of citizens perceiving improvements in disorder, although this increase was not statistically significant.
3) COP was associated with only a small, non-significant improvement in citizens’ feelings of safety. However, citizens in treatment areas nonetheless believed that the police in these areas were more effective at preventing crime.
4) Citizens reported increased legitimacy, trust and confidence in the police following COP interventions and felt that they treated people more fairly.