A Gender-Based Approach to Justice: Training Judges in El Salvador
Following the recommendation of the Law for a Life Free of Violence and Discrimination among Women (LEIV in Spanish), El Salvador is establishing Specialized Tribunals to process cases involving violence against women. The National Judicial Council (CNJ) has the constitutional mandate to train peace judges, who will determine whether cases go these new tribunals or are processed via existing administrative routes. For this reason, CNJ must ensure that the peace judges receive comprehensive training for the adequate categorization of offenses under the LEIV. This will help avoid conflicts of jurisdiction (when a case is sent to the wrong tribunal) that slow legal cases and delay access to justice. Moreover, it is necessary to sensitize peace judges in criminal matters with a gender-based approach. CNJ proposes a training program for peace judges to achieve these goals and a randomized controlled trial to identify the causal effect of this program.
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